The articles are sorted by date with the most recent at the top. A brief description of the article follows the title. To follow a link to the abstract page, click on the title. A link to the source of the article is available by clicking on the journal title on the individual abstract page.

Imaging Diagnosis—Use Of Radiography, Computed Tomography, And Endoscopy In The Diagnosis Of Esophageal Perforation By An Extra-Luminal Tracheal Ring Prosthesis In A Golden Retriever

Paradise H, Mathews KG, Cohen EB. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2017;58:E37-E41. A 6-year-old neutered male, Golden retriever presented with regurgitation and excitement-induced coughing. Two years prior, extra-thoracic tracheal collapse was diagnosed and extra-luminal tracheal ring prostheses were placed. Radiographs at … Read More

Thyroglossal Duct Carcinoma in a Cat

Moorer JD, Breshears MA, Dugat DR. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2016;52:251-255. A 14 yr old castrated domestic shorthair cat presented for a fluid-filled structure in the ventral cervical region that had been present for 1 yr and had not … Read More

Thyroglossal Duct Carcinoma in a Cat

Moorer JD, Breshears MA, Dugat DR.  J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2016;52:251-255. A 14 yr old castrated domestic shorthair cat presented for a fluid-filled structure in the ventral cervical region that had been present for 1 yr and had not … Read More

Cardiac CT and MRI: Visualizing the Heart in 3 Dimensions

Scansen BA. in Conference Proceedings. American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2016. INTRODUCTION The heart is a 3-dimensional structure, yet nearly all cardiac imaging performed in animals relies on 2-dimensional imaging techniques such as radiography, fluoroscopy, and ultrasonography. The advancement … Read More

Computed Tomography Of Tooth Resorption In Cats

Lang LG, Wilkinson TE, White TL, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2016;57:467-474. Tooth resorption is the most common dental disease in cats and can be a source of oral pain. The current clinical gold standard for diagnosis includes a … Read More

Correlation Of Articular Cartilage Thickness Measurements Made With Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Magnetic Resonance Arthrography, And Computed Tomographic Arthrography With Gross Articular Cartilage Thickness In The Equine Metacarpophalangeal Joint

Porter EG, Winter MD, Sheppard BJ, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2016;57:515-525. Osteoarthritis of the metacarpophalangeal joint is common cause of lameness in equine athletes, and is hallmarked by articular cartilage damage. An accurate, noninvasive method for measuring cartilage … Read More

Dual Energy Computed Tomography Of Canine Urinary Calculi

in Conference Proceedings. American College of Veterinary Radiology 2016. Introduction/Purpose: Urolithiasis is a common problem in veterinary medicine and minimally invasive treatment with lithotripsy is being used with increasing frequency. Not all stone types can be fragmented with lithotripsy and … Read More

Computed Tomography to Assess the Brachycephalic Airway

Scansen BA. in Conference Proceedings. American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2016. INTRODUCTION The brachycephalic airway syndrome (BAS) is a disease of the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and larynx related to early ankylosis of the basicranial epiphyseal cartilage. As a result … Read More

3D Modeling from CT Angiography in Congenital Heart Disease

Saunders AB, Gordon SG. in Conference Proceedings. American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2016. Procedural planning has classically relied on echocardiography and angiography to evaluate cardiac anatomy.1 A detailed knowledge of the anatomy is critical to procedural success. Computed tomography … Read More

Differential Diagnosis of Spinal Diseases

da Costa RC. in Conference Proceedings. American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2016. When approaching a case with spinal problems, the simplest approach, once the lesion is localized, is to consider differential diagnoses using the acronym lists based on pathophysiologic … Read More

Canine Degenerative Myelopathy: Perspectives on Therapy Approaches

Coates JR. in Conference Proceedings. American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2016. REVIEW CANINE DEGENERATIVE MYELOPATHY Canine degenerative myelopathy (DM) is a progressive adult-onset neurodegenerative disease that has many similarities to human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS – Lou Gehrig’s disease) … Read More

Computed Tomographic Pneumocolonography In Normal Dogs

Steffey MA, Daniel L, Taylor SL, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2015;56:278-285. Objectives of this prospective study were to describe effects of varying technical components that may contribute to an optimal protocol for computed tomographic pneumocolonography (CTP) in dogs, … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis–Sclerosing Encapsulating Peritonitis In A Dog

Veiga-Parga T, Hecht S, Craig L. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2015;56:E65-E69. An approximately 5-month-old American Staffordshire terrier was presented with a history of recurrent peritoneal effusion. Abdominal radiographs and ultrasound showed a loculated effusion in the ventral abdomen with dorsal … Read More

Ileocecocolic volvulus in a German shepherd dog

Javard R, Specchi S, Benamou J, et al. Can Vet J 2014;55:1096-1099. This report describes an ileocecocolic volvulus in a German shepherd dog with risk factors of previous abdominal surgeries and concurrent chronic enteropathy. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) with multiplanar … Read More

Computed Tomographic Pneumocolonography In Normal Dogs.

Steffey MA, Daniel S, Taylor SL, et al. in Scientific Proceedings (Abstract). American College of Veterinary Radiology 2014. Introduction/Purpose: Computed tomography (CT) is not commonly utilized to image the colorectum in veterinary patients, as fecal material and the luminal collapse … Read More

Ct Findings Of The Skulls Of Lagomorphs And Rodents.

Huynh E, Reichle JK. in Scientific Proceedings (Abstract). American College of Veterinary Radiology 2014. Introduction/Purpose: Lagomorphs (rabbits) and small rodents are popular pets that often present to veterinarians for dental disease, otitis, rhinitis, exophthalmos, and/or palpable masses of the jaw. … Read More

3D Printers In Veterinary Medicine: An Expanding Field.

Hespel AM, Hudson J, Wilhite R. in Scientific Proceedings (Abstract). American College of Veterinary Radiology 2014. Introduction/Purpose: Cross-sectional imaging modalities such as multislice computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or 40 ultrasound, allow creation of a high resolution 3D … Read More

Surgical treatment of a duplicated and ectopic ureter in a dog

Newman M, Landon B. J Small Anim Pract 2014;55:475-478. An eight-month old female bull mastiff was referred for evaluation of urinary incontinence. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography identified complete duplication of the left ureter with ectopic insertion of the duplicate ureter into … Read More

Transarticular fixation with cortical screws combined with dorsal laminectomy and partial discectomy as surgical treatment of degenerative lumbosacral stenosis in 17 dogs: clinical and computed tomography follow-up

Golini L, Kircher PR, Lewis FI, et al. Vet Surg 2014;43:405-413. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical outcome and technical outcome assessed using computed tomography (CT) in dogs with degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS) treated by dorsal laminectomy, partial discectomy, and transarticular screw … Read More

CT and PET-CT of a Dog with Multiple Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma

Kim J, Kwon SY, Cena R, et al. J Vet Med Sci 2014;76:615-620. A 10-year-old, intact female Yorkshire terrier had multiple pulmonary nodules on thoracic radiography and ultrasonography with no lesions elsewhere. Computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography and … Read More

Diagnosis and Management of Urinary Ectopia

Davidson AP, Westropp JL. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2014;44:343-353. Ectopic ureters are the most common cause of urinary incontinence in young dogs but should be considered as a differential in any incontinent dog for which the history … Read More

Multi-detector computed tomography of an aortic dissection in a cat

Scollan K, Sisson D. J Vet Cardiol 2014;16:67-72. Contrast enhanced, multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) is a useful diagnostic imaging modality that has become increasingly available in veterinary medicine. Multi-planar and three-dimensional reconstructions allow accurate and comprehensive assessment of cardiac and … Read More

Comparison Between Noncontrast Computed Tomography And Magnetic Resonance Imaging For Detection And Characterization Of Thoracolumbar Myelopathy Caused By Intervertebral Disk Herniation In Dogs

Cooper JJ, Young BD, Griffin JF, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2014;55:182-189. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) are commonly used to evaluate dogs with thoracolumbar myelopathy; however, relative diagnostic sensitivities for these two modalities have not … Read More

Abdominal obesity is associated with heart disease in dogs

Thengchaisri N, Theerapun W, Kaewmokul S, et al. BMC Vet Res 2014;10:131. BACKGROUND: The relationship between overall obesity and fat distribution in dogs and the development of heart disease is unclear. In the present study we evaluated the association between … Read More

Computed Tomographic Characteristics Of The Cisterna Chyli In Dogs

Birch S, Barberet V, Bradley K, et al.  Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2014;55:29-34. Previous lymphangiographic studies have investigated the use of computed tomography (CT) for characterizing the thoracic duct and its tributaries in dogs. However, there is limited published information … Read More

Cavernous sinus syndrome due to osteochondromatosis in a cat

Perazzi A, Bernardini M, Mandara MT, et al. J Feline Med Surg 2013;15:1132-1136. A 1-year-old sexually intact male Korat cat was referred for ophthalmological consultation due to anisocoria. Mydriasis with external ophthalmoplegia and absence of pupillary light responses in the … Read More

Pulmonary lipoma in a dog

Lynch S, Halfacree Z, Desmas I, et al. The Journal of small animal practice 2013;54:555-558. An eight-year-old, neutered, male German short-haired pointer was presented for a chronic cough and an intrathoracic mass. Computed tomography revealed a mass with low attenuation … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis: Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva In A Cat

Klang A, Kneissl S, Glänzel R, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2013;54:532-535. A 1-year-old female cat was presented for progressive alopecia, gait abnormalities, and stiffness. Radiography demonstrated multiple calcified lesions within the soft tissues of the cervical and thoracic … Read More

Comparison Between Survey Radiography, B-Mode Ultrasonography, Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography And Contrast-Enhanced Multi-Detector Computed Tomography Findings In Dogs With Acute Abdominal Signs

Shanaman MM, Schwarz T, Gal A, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2013. Contrast-enhanced multi-detector computed tomography (CE-MDCT) is used routinely in evaluating human patients with acute abdominal symptoms. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) continues to be in its infancy as it relates … Read More

Optic chiasm B-cell lymphoma in a 20-month-old Mastiff dog

Nagel C, Silver T, Grahn B. Vet Ophthalmol 2013;16 Suppl 1:164-167. A 20-month-old intact female Mastiff dog presented for evaluation of acute blindness. Computed tomography confirmed a tumor involved the optic chiasm and optic nerves. A B-cell lymphoma was confirmed … Read More

Parotid Duct Foreign Body in a Dog Diagnosed with CT

Goldsworthy SJ, Burton C, Guilherme S. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 2013;49:250-254. A 12 mo old castrated male German shorthaired pointer was referred with a 3 mo history of a recurrent left-sided facial swelling. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) … Read More

Comparison Between 2-18f-Fluoro-2-Deoxy-D-Glucose Positron Emission Tomography And Contrast-Enhanced Computed Tomography For Measuring Gross Tumor Volume In Cats With Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Yoshikawa H, Randall EK, Kraft SL, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2013;54:307-313. Feline oral squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most refractory feline malignancies. Most patients succumb due to failure in local tumor control. 2-18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis—Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis In A Dog

Cummings AC, Spaulding KA, Scott KD, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2013;54:634-637. A young dog was presented for cyanosis and right heart failure. Radiographic and CT characteristics included right heart/pulmonary artery enlargement, hepatomegaly, abdominal effusion, and severe, generalized air-space … Read More

Normal Regional Distribution Of Cerebral Blood Flow In Dogs: Comparison Between 99mtc-Ethylcysteinate Dimer And 99mtc- Hexamethylpropylene Amine Oxime Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography

Adriaens A, Polis I, Waelbers T, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2013;54:403-407. Functional imaging provides important insights into canine brain pathologies such as behavioral problems. Two 99mTc-labeled single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) cerebral blood flow tracers—ethylcysteinate dimer (ECD) … Read More

Computed tomography of ununited anconeal process in the dog

Gasch EG, Labruyere JJ, Bardet JF. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2012;25:498-505. Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe computed tomography (CT) features of the ununited anconeal process and relate them with the following elbow dysplasia signs: medial coronoid … Read More

Proximal focal humeral deficiency in a large breed dog

Kalff S, Gemmill T. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2012;25:532-536. A 26-week-old female Boerboel was referred for evaluation of progressive left thoracic limb lameness. Computed tomography and radiographic evaluation revealed radiolucency of the caudal region of the proximal humeral metaphysis, absence … Read More

Lymphocytic hypophysitis in a dog with diabetes insipidus

Meij BP, Voorhout G, Gerritsen RJ, et al. J Comp Pathol 2012;147:503-507. An 8-year-old male German longhaired pointer was referred for diabetes insipidus responsive to treatment with desmopressin. The dog had polyuria and polydipsia, exercise intolerance and a dull hair … Read More

Alveolar bone regeneration using poly-(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid-co-{varepsilon}-caprolactone) porous membrane with collagen sponge containing basic fibroblast growth factor: An experimental study in the dog

Matsumoto G, Hoshino J, Kinoshita Y, et al. J Biomater Appl 2012;27:485-493. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of combining porous poly-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid-co-epsilon-caprolactone (PLGC) as a barrier membrane and collagen sponge containing basic fibroblast growth … Read More

Bilateral choanal atresia in a cat

Schafgans KE, Armstrong PJ, Kramek B, et al. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 2012;14:759-763. A 7-month-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was presented for investigation of stertor, open mouth breathing without apparent distress, and chronic bilateral nasal discharge that … Read More

Portal vein aneurysm in a dog

Miyawaki S, Washizu M, Maeda S, et al. J Vet Med Sci 2012;74:1191-1193. Portal vein aneurysm (PVA) is a rare abnormal dilatation of the portal vein, which has not been reported in dogs. We describe the findings of ultrasound and … Read More

MRI findings of a middle ear cholesteatoma in a dog

Harran NX, Bradley KJ, Hetzel N, et al. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 2012;48:339-343. This article describes the MRI features of a middle ear cholesteatoma in an 8 yr old flat-coated retriever. Physical examination revealed pain on opening … Read More

Radiotherapy of pituitary tumours in five cats

Kaser-Hotz B, Rohrer CR, Stankeova S, et al. The Journal of small animal practice 2002;43:303-307. Five cats tentatively diagnosed with pituitary adenoma (four cases) or pituitary carcinoma (one case), based on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging, were treated … Read More

Rhinolithiasis in two miniature dogs

Schuenemann R, Oechtering G. The Journal of small animal practice 2012;53:361-364. This case report describes two dogs, a Chihuahua and a Pekingese each with rhinolithiasis. Both dogs were presented with chronic nasal obstruction and discharge. Rhinoliths were noted on computed … Read More

CT characteristics of primary hepatic mass lesions in dogs

Fukushima K, Kanemoto H, Ohno K, et al. Veterinary radiology & ultrasound : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Radiology and the International Veterinary Radiology Association 2012;53:252-257. Little information is available on the relationship between computed tomography … Read More

Canine and feline intracranial meningiomas: an updated review

Motta L, Mandara MT, Skerritt GC. Veterinary journal 2012;192:153-165. Meningiomas are the most common primary brain tumours in dogs and cats. There are several morphological phenotypes of this extra-axial neoplasm and they show predilections for certain anatomical locations. There have … Read More

Pet Imaging In Veterinary Medicine: Oncology And Beyond

LeBlanc AK. in Conference Proceedings. American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine 2012;32-34. A growing body of knowledge and experience relating to Position Emission Tomography fused with Computed Tomography (PET/CT) is allowing veterinarians to use this powerful molecular imaging technique for … Read More

Nasopharyngeal Disease in Cats: 1. Diagnostic investigation

Reed N, Gunn-Moore D. Journal of feline medicine and surgery 2012;14:306-315. Practical relevance: Nasal discharge, sneezing and upper respiratory noise are frequent presenting signs in feline practice. Clinical challenges: The small nasal cavity of the cat can make visualisation of … Read More

Surgical treatment of a pulmonary artery vascular hamartoma in a dog

Chanoit G, Mathews KG, Keene BW, et al. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2012;240:858-862. Case Description-A 6-year-old Siberian Husky-mix dog was examined for episodes of collapse. Clinical Findings-Physical examination, echocardiography, abdominal ultrasonography, ECG, and thoracic computed tomography with contrast were … Read More

Spinal cord trauma in a cat caused by ingestion of a splinter

Tanaka T, Akiyoshi H, Shimazaki H, et al. J Feline Med Surg 2012;14:155-157. A 5-month-old male Abyssinian presented with right hemiplegia. Cervical radiographs, haematology and serum biochemistry were normal. A foreign body was identified on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic … Read More

Feline acromegaly

Greco DS. Topics in companion animal medicine 2012;27:31-35. Acromegaly, or hypersomatotropism, results from chronic, excessive secretion of growth hormone in the adult animal. The anabolic effects of growth hormone are exerted through the intermediary hormone, insulin-like growth factor 1, which … Read More

CT Features Of Pleural Masses And Nodules

Reetz JA, Buza EL, Krick EL. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2012;53:121-127. Pleural space masses and nodules are rarely described on computed tomography (CT) in veterinary medicine and have only been described in patients with neoplasia. Our purpose was to describe … Read More

Computed Tomographic Appearance Of Equine Sinonasal Neoplasia

Cissell DD, Wisner ER, Textor J, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2012;53:245-251. The computed tomography (CT) features of tumors involving the nasal cavity and/or paranasal sinuses of 15 horses were reviewed. The 15 tumors included five neuroendocrine tumors/neuroblastomas, two … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis—Nasofrontal Suture Exostosis In A Horse

Manso-Díaz G, Taeymans O. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2012;53:573-575. A 14-year-old Quarter Horse had chronic facial swelling and a more recent history of progressive bilateral epiphora. Radiographic findings were compatible with exostosis of the nasofrontal suture. Computed tomography (CT) of … Read More

Incomplete Tracheal Intussusception In A Dog

Kim J-H, Park C, Moon S-J, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2012;53:333-335. An 18-year-old male miniature poodle had a chronic nonproductive cough. On radiographic examination, an opacification resembling a foreign body was noticed within the trachea at the level … Read More

Intraobserver, interobserver, and intermethod agreement for results of myelography, computed tomography-myelography, and low-field magnetic resonance imaging in dogs with disk-associated wobbler syndrome

De Decker S, Gielen IM, Duchateau L, et al. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2011;238:1601-1608. Objective-To determine intraobserver, interobserver, and intermethod agreement for results of myelography, computed tomography-myelography (CTM), and low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in dogs with disk-associated wobbler … Read More

Middle ear cholesteatoma in 11 dogs

Greci V, Travetti O, Di Giancamillo M, et al. Can Vet J 2011;52:631-636. Middle ear cholesteatoma is a rare condition in dogs with chronic otitis. Otorrhea, otodinia, and pain on temporomandibular joint palpation are the most common clinical signs. Neurological … Read More

Computed Tomographic Appearance Of Primary Lung Tumors In Dogs

Marolf AJ, Gibbons DS, Podell BK, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2011;52:168-172. Canine primary lung tumors typically appear radiographically as a well-circumscribed solitary mass in the periphery of a caudal lung lobe. Consolidated and diffuse forms of primary lung … Read More

Fdg Pet/Ct Imaging In Canine Cancer Patients

Hansen AE, McEvoy F, Engelholm SA, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2011;52:201-206. 2-Deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) is becoming increasingly available as an imaging modality in veterinary medicine. The purpose of this study was to report semiquantitative … Read More

CT Contrast Media and Applications

Pollard RE, Puchalski SM. Ct Contrast Media and Applications In: Schwarz T,Saunders J, eds. Veterinary Computed Tomography. West Sussex: Willey-Blackwell, 2011.

Pharynx, Larynx and Thyroid Gland

Taeymans O, Schwarz T. Pharynx, Larynx and Thyroid Gland In: Schwarz T,Saunders J, eds. Veterinary Computed Tomography. West Sussex: Willey-Blackwell, 2011.

Imaging Diagnosis—Bilateral Orthotopic Ureteroceles In A Dog

Secrest S, Britt L, Cook C. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2011;52:448-450. A 5-year-old neutered male Akita had a 5-month history of hematuria. Bilateral orthotopic ureteroceles were diagnosed using a combination of sonography, computed tomography (CT), and radiography. With CT excretory … Read More

Imaging The Cranial Nerves

Parry AT, Volk HA. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2011;52:S32-S41. An understanding of the normal course of the cranial nerves (CN) is essential when interpreting images of patients with cranial neuropathies. CN foramina are depicted best using computed X-ray tomography, but … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis—Congenital Lobar Emphysema In A Dog

Ruth J, Rademacher N, Ogden D, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2011;52:79-81. A 14-week-old female West Highland White Terrier developed acute dyspnea. Radiographically there was an enlarged, hyperlucent caudal portion of the left cranial lung lobe and a diffuse, … Read More

Computed tomographic imaging of the equine head

Morrow KL, Park RD, Spurgeon TL, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2000;41:491-497. The head from three horses euthanized due to diseases unrelated to the head and neck was imaged using computed tomography (CT). Gross cross-sectional slices of equine head #1 … Read More

Characterization Of Physiologic 18f-Fdg Uptake With Pet-Ct In Dogs

Lee M-S, Lee A-R, Jung M-A, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2010;51:670-673. We evaluated the whole body distribution of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose (18F-FDG) in seven beagle dogs using positron emission tomography/computed tomography. The mean and maximum standard uptake values (SUV) for … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis—Tracheobronchial Zygomycosis In A Cat

Snyder KD, Spaulding K, Edwards J. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2010;51:617-620. Tracheobronchial zygomycosis is described in a cat with acute dyspnea. Zygomycetes are an uncommon opportunistic group of pathogens, and few examples have been described in feline patients. Radiographic, ultrasonographic, … Read More

Degenerative lumbosacral stenosis in dogs

Meij BP, Bergknut N. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2010;40:983-1009. Degenerative lumbosacral stenosis (DLSS) is the most common disorder of the caudal lumbar spine in dogs. This article reviews the management of this disorder and highlights the most … Read More

Advanced imaging of the spine in small animals

da Costa RC, Samii VF. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2010;40:765-790. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are extremely valuable techniques in the diagnosis of spinal disorders. This article reviews the fundamentals, indications, key technical aspects, … Read More

Acquired Portal Collateral Circulation In The Dog And Cat

BERTOLINI G. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2010;51:25-33. We describe patterns of acquired portal collateral circulation in dogs and in a cat using multidetector row computed tomography angiography. Large portosystemic shunts included left splenogonadal shunts in patients with portal hypertension. Small … Read More

Incomplete Ossification Of The Atlas In Dogs With Cervical Signs

WARREN-SMITH CMR, KNEISSL S, BENIGNI L, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2009;50:635-638. Osseous defects affecting the atlas were identified in computed tomography and magnetic resonance images of five dogs with cervical signs including pain, ataxia, tetraparesis, or tetraplegia. Osseous … Read More

Computed Tomography Of The Lung Of Healthy Snakes Of The Species Python Regius, Boa Constrictor, Python Reticulatus, Morelia Viridis, Epicrates Cenchria, And Morelia Spilota

PEES M, KIEFER I, THIELEBEIN J, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2009;50:487-491. Thirty-nine healthy boid snakes representing six different species (Python regius, Boa constrictor, Python reticulatus, Morelia viridis, Epicrates cenchria, and Morelia spilota) were examined using computed tomography (CT) … Read More

Imaging Features Of Atlanto-Occipital Overlapping In Dogs

SOFIA CERDA-GONZALEZ CWD, PETER V. SCRIVANI, KAREN L. KLINE, Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2009;50:264-268. The imaging features of four dogs with atlanto-occipital overlapping are described. This malformation appeared to play a role in the development of neck pain, ataxia, variable … Read More

The Computed Tomographic Appearance Of Equine Temporohyoid Osteoarthropathy

HUGO HILTON SMP, MONICA ALEMAN,. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2009;50:151-156. Equine temporohyoid osteoarthropathy is characterized by progressive osseous proliferation of the temporohyoid articulation and surrounding structures. The diagnosis has generally been made using radiography and endoscopy of the guttural pouch. … Read More

Time-Resolved Renal Contrast-Enhanced Mra In Normal Dogs

ROMAIN CAVRENNE WM. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2009;50:58-64. In humans, contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) is a documented method to quantitatively and qualitatively evaluate renal vessels. It offers a safer alternative to computed tomography angiography. The aim of this study … Read More

Quantitative Computed Tomography Evaluation Of Pulmonary Disease

FINTAN J. McEVOY LB, ANDERS B. STRATHE, JAKOB L. WILLESEN, JÿRGEN KOCH, PIA WEBSTER, LASSE HÿRLYCK, EILIV SVALASTOGA,. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2009;50:47-51. Objective assessment of pulmonary disease from computed tomography (CT) examinations is desirable but difficult. When such assessments … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis-Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema In A Dog

GIOVANNA BERTOLINI CS, MARCO CALDIN,. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2009;50:80-82. In humans, pulmonary interstitial emphysema is most frequently seen in ventilated preterm newborns with severe lung disease; it is less frequently reported in adults. We report on a mature dog … Read More

Aural cholesteatoma in twenty dogs

Hardie EM, Linder KE, Pease AP. Veterinary surgery : VS 2008;37:763-770. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical course in dogs with aural cholesteatoma. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMALS: Dogs (n=20) with aural cholesteatoma. METHODS: Case review (1998-2007). RESULTS: Twenty dogs were … Read More

Computed Tomographic Features Of Lung Lobe Torsion

GABRIELA SEILER TS, MASSIMO VIGNOLI, DANIEL RODRIGUEZ,. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2008;49:504-508. The imaging features of lung lobe torsion in 10 dogs (nine complete, one partial torsion) acquired with a helical single-slice computed tomography (CT) unit are described. Attenuation values … Read More

Ct-Guided Stereotactic Brain Biopsy Using The Kopf Stereotactic System

MARK T. TROXEL CHV. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2008;49:438-443. This report describes computed tomography (CT)-guided stereotactic brain biopsy using the Kopf stereotactic system, a commercially available patient restraint system which does not require additional modification for use in small animals. … Read More

Tracheal rupture in a cat: diagnosis by computed tomography

Bhandal J, Kuzma A. Can Vet J 2008;49:595-597. A cat was presented with a history of worsening generalized subcutaneous emphysema following dental prophylaxis. Tentative diagnosis of tracheal rupture was made. The location and extent of the tear was confirmed with … Read More

Cerebellar vermian hypoplasia in a Cocker Spaniel

Lim JH, Kim DY, Yoon JH, et al. J Vet Sci 2008;9:215-217. An eight-week-old female Cocker Spaniel was presented with ataxia, dysmetria and intention tremor. At 16 weeks, the clinical signs did not progress. Investigation including imaging studies of the … Read More

Mandibular ossifying fibroma in a dog

Miller MA, Towle HA, Heng HG, et al. Vet Pathol 2008;45:203-206. An aged mongrel dog was admitted for hemimandibulectomy as treatment for a mandibular mass that had been diagnosed as osteosarcoma. The fibro-osseous mass that surrounded the first molar tooth … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis-Sublumbar Pseudomycetoma In A Persian Cat

SKYE W. STANLEY AJF, HENRIK E. JENSEN,. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2008;49:176-178. A 6-year-old Persian cat was examined for constipation, anorexia, and vomiting that was subsequently found to be due to a pseudomycetoma originating from the descending colon and sublumbar … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis-Complex Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt In A Dog

MARC-ANDR… D’ANJOU LH. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2008;49:51-55. An unusual form of congenital intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was identified in a 3.5-month-old female Labrador Retriever with neurologic signs. Ultrasonography and contrast-enhanced computed tomography were used to characterize the shunt morphology. An … Read More

Imaging diagnosis–Complex intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in a dog

D’Anjou MA, Huneault L. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2008;49:51-55. An unusual form of congenital intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was identified in a 3 1/2-month-old female Labrador Retriever with neurologic signs. Ultrasonography and contrast-enhanced computed tomography were used to characterize the shunt morphology. … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis-Canine Thoracic Mesothelioma

RITA L. ECHANDI FM, SHELLEY J. NEWMAN, AMY HOLFORD,. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2007;48:243-245. A 12-year-old neutered female Pembroke Welsh Corgi had a 2-month history of a progressive, productive cough nonresponsive to therapy. Mild pleural effusion, right middle lung lobe … Read More

Surgical management of a thyroglossal duct cyst in a cat

Giles JT, 3rd, Rochat MC, Snider TA. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2007;230:686-689. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 14-year-old castrated male domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of a large fluid-filled mass on the ventral aspect of the neck that … Read More

Parotid duct sialolithiasis in a dog

Trumpatori BJ, Geissler K, Mathews KG. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2007;43:45-51. Computed tomography was used to evaluate a 7-year-old English bulldog with a history of facial swelling and to aid in the diagnosis of parotid duct sialolithiasis. Removal of … Read More

Imaging Diagnosis-Bacterial Diskospondylitis In A Goat

GWENDOLYN J. LEVINE, WESLEY T. BISSETT, ROBERT C. COLE, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2006;47:585-588. A 3-year-old intact male Boer goat was evaluated for paraplegia. Computed tomography (CT) indicated the presence of diskospondylitis, which had previously not been reported … Read More

Fistula Formation Secondary To A Nylon Cable Band In A Dog

JENNIFER L. JOHNSON-NEITMAN, ROBERT J. BAHR, KRISTYN D. BROADDUS. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2006;47:355-357. A dog with a 9-month history of a chronic draining tract involving the left flank had previously undergone five surgeries and two drain placements with no … Read More

Intracranial Epidermoid Cyst And Syringohydromyelia In A Dog

EDWARD MACKILLOP, SCOTT J. SCHATZBERG, ALEXANDER DE LAHUNTA. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2006;47:339-344. A 5-year-old female Cocker Spaniel dog had a sudden onset of vestibular disease that localized to the caudal fossa. Upon computed tomography of the brain, a large, … Read More

Canine chronic inflammatory rhinitis

Windsor RC, Johnson LR. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 2006;21:76-81. Chronic inflammatory rhinitis is commonly found in dogs with chronic nasal disease and is characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates in the nasal mucosa in the absence of an obvious etiologic process. … Read More

Congenital Scoliosis In A Quarter Horse Filly

DAVID WONG, KRISTINA MILES, BRETT SPONSELLER. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2006;47:279-282. A 4-week old Quarter Horse filly was evaluated for abnormal gait and lateral deviation of the cervical spine. Physical examination findings prompted radiographs and computed tomography of the thoracic … Read More

Femoral neuropathy in a dog with iliopsoas muscle injury

Stepnik MW, Olby N, Thompson RR, et al. Vet Surg 2006;35:186-190. OBJECTIVE: To report femoral nerve dysfunction caused by focal iliopsoas muscle injury and treated by performing tenectomy of the muscle insertion. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: A 4-year-old, castrated … Read More

Ultrasonographic Evaluation Of Brachial Plexus Tumors In Five Dogs

SCOTT ROSE, CRAIG LONG, MARGUERITE KNIPE, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2005;46:514-517. Five dogs with unilateral thoracic limb lameness, neurologic deficits, muscle atrophy, and pain, or a combination of these signs, were examined using ultrasonograghy. Large, hypoechoic tubular masses … Read More

Extra-Abdominal Chondrolipoma In A Dog

Shigeyuki Tanabe, Kazutaka Yamada, Yoshiyasu Kobayashi, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 2005;46:306-308. A 10-year-old male maltise dog was presented for evaluation of a gradual abdominal enlargement, which had developed over 2 years. (On the radiograph of the abdomen, a … Read More

Myelopathy secondary to aortocaval fistula in a cat

Kube SA, Vernau KM, Wisner ER, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2004;45:528-531. A 15-month-old neutered male cat was presented for progressive paraparesis of 3 months’ duration and suspected cardiomegaly. Neuroanatomical localization was a T3-L3 myelopathy. On abdominal ultrasound, an anomalous … Read More

Generalized osteosclerosis in a cat

Hanel RM, Graham JP, Levy JK, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2004;45:318-324. A 12-year-old, neutered male, domestic long-hair cat was evaluated for a 6-month history of inspiratory stertor and epiphora. In computed tomography of the skull and pelvis, and radiographs … Read More

Idiopathic lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis in dogs: 37 cases (1997-2002)

Windsor RC, Johnson LR, Herrgesell EJ, et al. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2004;224:1952-1957. OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical signs and rhinoscopic, computed tomographic, and histologic abnormalities in dogs with idiopathic lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 37 dogs. PROCEDURE: … Read More

Spinal subarachnoid cysts in 13 dogs

Gnirs K, Ruel Y, Blot S, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2003;44:402-408. Thirteen dogs, including 6 Rottweiler dogs, exhibiting clinical signs of spinal cord dysfunction and myelographically confirmed subarachnoid space enlargement were investigated. To characterize the lesions and to get … Read More

CT features of alveolitis and sinusitis in horses

Henninger W, Frame EM, Willmann M, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2003;44:269-276. Sinusitis is a common disorder in horses and may result from trauma, dental diseases, or space-occupying lesions. Radiography can only provide a limited amount of information. Computed tomography … Read More

Review of diagnostic imaging of ear diseases in the dog and cat

Garosi LS, Dennis R, Schwarz T. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2003;44:137-146. Diagnostic imaging techniques (conventional radiography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) are an essential tool in the diagnostic work-up of ear diseases. Conventional radiography is commonly used, but often lacks … Read More

Otolithiasis in three dogs

Ziemer LS, Schwarz T, Sullivan M. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2003;44:28-31. Mineral opacities within the tympanic bullae, termed otoliths, were detected in three dogs by means of radiography and computed tomography. Radiographic signs of otitis externa were present in two dogs. … Read More

Aortic and cardiac mineralization in the dog

Schwarz T, Sullivan M, Stork CK, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2002;43:419-427. Aortic and cardiac mineralization was found in 21 of 3443 (0.61%) canine thoracic radiographs. In none of 786 feline thoracic radiographs reviewed were such lesions present. Mineralizations were … Read More

An intrathoracic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor in a dog

Essman SC, Hoover JP, Bahr RJ, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2002;43:255-259. A 7-year-old, neutered male Labrador Retriever presented for a persistent, productive cough and regurgitation. Radiography, ultrasonography, and computed tomography confirmed a large, smoothly marginated intrathoracic mass causing tracheal … Read More

Meniscal ossicles in large non-domestic cats

Walker M, Phalan D, Jensen J, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2002;43:249-254. Radiographs of the stifles of 6 species of 34 large, non-domestic cats were reviewed foremost for the presence of meniscal ossicles and then for the presence of the … Read More

CT findings of intracranial blastomycosis in a dog

Saito M, Sharp NJ, Munana K, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2002;43:16-21. Computed tomography (CT) findings in a dog with intracranial blastomycosis were marked periventricular contrast enhancement of the lateral ventricles, the 3rd ventricle, and the mesencephalic aqueduct. The CT … Read More

Computed tomographic anatomy of the canine pancreas

Probst A, Kneissl S. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2001;42:226-230. Barium sulfate was administered into the coeliac artery of 5 canine cadavers to allow for contrast computed tomography of the pancreas. Contiguous, 2-mm-thick slices were acquired. Multiplanar and three-dimensional reformatting were performed … Read More

Retrobulbar tumors in dogs and cats: 25 cases

Attali-Soussay K, Jegou JP, Clerc B. Vet Ophthalmol 2001;4:19-27. Twenty-five cases of retrobulbar tumors are presented and discussed. Affected animals were dogs and cats (average 10.7 years). No breed or sex predisposition was noted. The most common clinical signs were … Read More

Diagnostic imaging in canine pheochromocytoma

Rosenstein DS. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2000;41:499-506. The diagnosis of pheochromocytoma is challenging due to the variable presentations of patients affected with this neoplasm. This report describes four dogs with pheochromocytoma in which radiography, ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) were key … Read More

Results of irradiation of infiltrative lipoma in 13 dogs

McEntee MC, Page RL, Mauldin GN, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2000;41:554-556. Thirteen dogs with infiltrative lipomas were treated with cobalt 60 radiation. Four of the thirteen dogs also received either whole body (n = 2) or combination local/whole body … Read More

Bronchocutaneous fistula in a dog

Yamagishi N, Yamada K, Ishikawa H, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2000;41:422-424. A dog with a bronchocutaneous fistula is described. Contrast enhanced computed tomography was useful for diagnosis and treatment of the fistula in this dog.

Magnetic resonance imaging of otitis media in a dog

Dvir E, Kirberger RM, Terblanche AG. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2000;41:46-49. Otitis media/interna was diagnosed in a 20-month-old German shepherd with the assistance of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The MR images were acquired primarily to exclude a brain lesion responsible for … Read More

The elbow

Reichle JK, Snaps F. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract 1999;14:177-186. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are noninvasive methods of imaging the canine cubital joint. CT images are typically acquired using contiguous 1-mm slices, a bone reconstruction algorithm, … Read More

A congenital malformation of the maxilla of a horse

Tudor RA, Ramirez O, 3rd, Tate LP, Jr., et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1999;40:353-356. A 1-month-old male American Paint Horse was evaluated for a hard swelling on the right side of the maxillary region. On radiographs there was a large, … Read More

Imaging basilar skull fractures in the horse: a review

Ramirez O, 3rd, Jorgensen JS, Thrall DE. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1998;39:391-395. Due to the complex nature of the anatomy of the equine head, superimposition of numerous structures, and poor soft tissue differentiation, radiography may be of limited value in the … Read More

A review of imaging techniques for canine cauda equina syndrome

Ramirez O, 3rd, Thrall DE. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1998;39:283-296. There are many imaging modalities available for evaluating the canine lumbosacral region. These include conventional radiography, stress radiography, myelography, epidurography, transosseous and intravenous venography, discography, linear tomography, computed tomography, and magnetic … Read More

Clinical features of trigeminal nerve-sheath tumor in 10 dogs

Bagley RS, Wheeler SJ, Klopp L, et al. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 1998;34:19-25. Nerve-sheath tumor was diagnosed in 10 dogs with clinical signs of unilateral trigeminal nerve dysfunction. Unilateral temporalis and masseter muscle atrophy were present in … Read More

Evaluation of the variably ossified collateral cartilages of the distal phalanx and adjacent anatomic structures in the Finnhorse with computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging

Ruohoniemi M, Karkkainen M, Tervahartiala P. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1997;38:344-351. Six Finnhorse cadaver forefeet were selected to represent radiographically different types and grades of ossification of the collateral cartilages of the distal phalanx. These cartilages and adjacent tissues were evaluated … Read More

Hydromyelia in the dog

Kirberger RM, Jacobson LS, Davies JV, et al. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1997;38:30-38. Hydromyelia is a dilation of the spinal cord central canal. In man this may be due to congenital malformations such as Dandy-Walker syndrome and Chiari malformations or may … Read More

Use Of Computed Tomography To Diagnose Sinusitis In A Goat

Barrington GM, Tucker RL. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 1996;37:118-120. Radiographic examination proved incapable of determining the extent and severity of chronic sinusitis in a goat. Computed tomography was subsequently used to clearly define the nature and extent of the lesion.

Computed Tomographic Anatomy Of The Canine Lumbosacral Spine

Jones JC, Cartee RE, Bartels JE. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 1995;36:91-99. The lumbosacral spine (L5-S3) was examined by high resolution computed tomography (CT) in five canine cadaver specimens and one anesthetized dog using 5mm thick transverse slices at 5mm intervals. … Read More

Of The Lower Forelimb Of The Horse

Cheung TK, Thompson KN. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 1993;34:331-333. This study uses computed tomography and computer aided design software (I-DEAS(tm)) for the development of a three-dimensional electronic solids model of the lower limb of the horse. Data from two millimeter … Read More

Computed Tomographic Imaging Of Nasal Disease In 100 Dogs

Burk RL. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 1992;33:177-180. One hundred dogs with nasal disease were evaluated by computed tomography (CT). Certain findings were significantly correlated with neoplasia. These included patchy areas of increased density within soft tissue opacity, destruction of part … Read More

Ultrasonographic Diagnosis Of Canine Hydrocephalus

Hudson JA, Simpson ST, Buxton DF, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 1990;31:50-58. The brains of 23 canine patients and six random-source dogs were examined ultrasonographically through the bregmatic fontanelle or a surgical craniotomy. Fifteen dogs had abnormal neurologic signs; … Read More

Radiographic Heart-Volume Estimation In Normal Cats

Ahlberg N-E, Hansson K, Svensson L, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 1989;30:253-260. Heart volume mensuration was evaluated on conventional radiographs from eight normal cats in different body positions using computed tomography (CT). Heart volumes were calculated from orthogonal thoracic … Read More

Computed Tomographic Evaluation Of Head Trauma In A Foal

Ragle CA, Koblik PD, Pascoe JR, et al. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 1988;29:206-208. This case report describes computed tomographic findings of a three-month-old, 180 kg female Arabian foal that had suffered head trauma. Computed tomography proved valuable in antemortem diagnosis … Read More

Computed Tomographic Anatomy Of The Distal Extremity Of The Horse

Peterson PR, Bowman KF. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 1988;29:147-156. X-ray computed tomography (CT) is an imaging tool that is becoming increasingly available for use in veterinary medicine. Advantages, including depiction of detailed cross-sectional anatomy, improved contrast resolution, and computer reformatting, … Read More