Recognition of triiodothyronine-containing epitopes in canine thyroglobulin by circulating thyroglobulin autoantibodies

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Gaschen F, Thompson J, Beale K, et al.

American journal of veterinary research 1993;54:244-247.

Serum triiodothyronine autoantibody (T3 AA), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4) concentrations were determined in 45 canine sera containing substantial amounts of thyroglobulin autoantibodies (Tg AA); sera also were assayed to investigate the ability of free T3 to inhibit Tg AA binding to canine Tg. Serum T3 AA concentrations defined 2 groups of sera; 28 sera had low T3 AA concentration (< or = 20 ng/ml) and 17 sera had high T3 AA concentration (> or = 250 ng/ml). Direct linear correlation between T3 AA concentration and apparent serum T3 concentration was observed (r = 0.75). Serum with low T3 AA concentration had apparent T3 concentration that was significantly (P < 0.01) lower than that in serum with high T3 AA concentration. Mean serum T4 concentration was not significantly different between serum with low or high T3 AA concentration. Mean Tg AA activity was significantly (P < 0.05) lower in serum with low T3 AA concentration than in serum with high T3 AA concentration. Addition of free T3 to serum significantly (P < 0.05) decreased detectable activity of Tg AA in both groups of sera. However, significant difference in magnitude of the reduction was not observed between sera with low or high T3 AA concentration. Results indicate that a fraction of Tg AA recognizes T3-containing epitopes in Tg. Increased prevalence of T3 AA for serum with high Tg AA activity indicates that T3 AA may be another valid indicator of lymphocytic thyroiditis. These antibodies may be generated against the hormonogenic epitopes of Tg.