Volckaert V, Vandermeulen E, Daminet S, et al.
In the first part of this review article, thyroid anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology are reviewed to continue more speci cally on hyperthyroidism, the most common thyroid disorder in cats. The diagnostic work-up of this disorder is discussed with emphasis on thyroid gland imaging. Scintigraphy is most commonly used and best suited to assess thyroid function, which will be discussed extensively in the second part of this review article. All other available imaging modalities do not offer a functional assessment and are therefore of limited use in the diagnosis and evaluation of hyperthyroidism.