Predictive Value of Tracer Studies for 131I Treatment in Hyperthyroid Cats

Broome M.R., Turrel J.M. and Hays M.T.

Am J Vet Res, 1988. 49(2): p.193-7.

In 76 cats with hyperthyroidism, peak thyroidal radioiodine (131I) uptakes and effective half-lives were determined after administration of tracer and therapeutic activities of 131I. In 6 additional hyperthyroid cats, only peak thyroidal uptakes after administration of tracer and therapeutic activities of 131I were determined. Good correlation was found between peak thyroidal uptakes of tracer and therapeutic 131I; however, only fair correlation was observed between effective half-lives. In 79% of the cats, the effective half-life for therapeutic 131I was longer than that for tracer 131I. After administration of therapeutic activity of 131I, monoexponential and biphasic decay curves were observed in 51 and 16 cats, respectively. Using therapeutic kinetic data, radiation doses to the thyroid gland were calculated retrospectively on the basis of 2 methods for determining the activity of 131I administered: (1) actual administration of tracer-compensated activity and (2) hypothetic administration of uniform activity (3 mCi). Because of the good predictive ability of tracer kinetic data for the therapeutic kinetic data, the tracer-compensated radiation doses came significantly (P = 0.008) closer to the therapeutic goal than did the uniform-activity doses. In addition, the use of tracer kinetic information reduced the extent of the tendency for consistently high uniform-activity doses. A manual method for acquiring tracer kinetic data was developed and was an acceptable alternative to computerized techniques. Adoption of this method gives individuals and institutions with limited finances the opportunity to characterize the iodine kinetics in cats before proceeding with administration of therapeutic activities of 131I.