Effect of Four Sedative and Anesthetic Protocols on Quantitative Thyroid Scintigraphy in Euthyroid Cats

Schaafsma I.A., Pollak Y.W. and Barthez P.Y.

Am J Vet Res, 2006. 67(8): p.1362-6.


OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of sedation and anesthesia on thyroid and salivary gland uptake of technetium Tc 99m pertechnetate ((99m)TcO(4)) in euthyroid cats. ANIMALS: 6 euthyroid cats. PROCEDURES: Thyroid scintigraphy was performed by use of a high-resolution low-energy parallel-hole collimator after IV injection of 117 to 133 MBq (3.16 to 3.59 mCi) of (99m)TcO(4)(-). The procedure was performed 4 times on each cat during different sedative and anesthetic protocols in a rotating schedule as follows: propofol, ketamine-midazolam-atropine, ketaminemidazolam, and medetomidine. Regions of interest were drawn around thyroid and salivary glands and counts corrected for background and decay. Percentage of (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake in salivary and thyroid glands and thyroid-to-salivary gland (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake ratio were calculated at 20 and 40 minutes. Relative effects of anesthesia and sedation on salivary and thyroid gland (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake were compared. RESULTS: Significant differences among sedativeanesthetic protocols were found for thyroid gland (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake, salivary gland (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake, and thyroid-to-salivary gland (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake ratio. Thyroid gland (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake for the ketamine-midazolam protocol at 20 and 40 minutes after (99m)TcO(4)(-) administration was significantly higher than for the propofol protocol. A significant difference in salivary gland(99m) TcO(4)(-) uptake was found between ketamine-midazolam and ketamine-midazolam-atropine protocols at 40 minutes. The thyroid-to-salivary gland (99m)TcO(4)(-) uptake ratio for the ketamine-midazolam protocol was significantly higher at 40 minutes than for propofol or ketamine-midazolam-atropine protocols. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Sedation and anesthesia have a significant effect on thyroid and salivary gland (99m)TcO(4) uptake in euthyroid cats that may interfere with thyroid scintigraphic image interpretation.