Cervical spondylomyelopathy (wobbler syndrome) in dogs

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da Costa RC.

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2010;40:881-913.

Cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM) is a common and controversial disease of the cervical spine of large and giant breed dogs. Not many diseases in veterinary medicine have been referred to by 14 different names and have had 21 surgical techniques proposed to treat it. This article reviews the current knowledge of CSM with regard to its etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome.