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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in 15 Acromegalic Cats

Posch B., Dobson J. and Herrtage M.

Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 2011. 52(4): p.422-427.

Feline acromegaly is characterized by chronic excessive growth hormone secretion, most commonly caused by a functional pituitary adenoma. In this study, acromegaly was diagnosed in 15 cats on the basis of compatible clinical signs, laboratory, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. MRI findings were reviewed retrospectively. Enlargement of the pituitary gland with suprasellar extension was present in all cats. No characteristic signal patterns were identified on T1-weighted and T2-weighted sequences. Contrast enhancement was nonuniform in all cats, as was suspected involvement of the adjacent hypothalamus. A mass effect on the cavernous sinus and third ventricle was present in 13 cats. Mild peritumoral edema was present in four cats, and moderate edema in one cat. Transtentorial herniation was present in one cat. Histopathology confirmed the presence of a pituitary adenoma in two cases. MRI is a useful modality to establish the diagnosis of acromegaly.