Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract, 1996. 26(4): p.925-43.
Cerebrovascular disease may be secondary to various disorders including hypothyroidism, sepsis, neoplasia, hypertension, vascular malformation, and coagulopathy. Brain infarction or hemorrhage should be suspected in an animal with a sudden onset of a focal brain lesion. The recent availability of CT and MRI has improved our ability to diagnose cerebrovascular disease in animals. Treatment is directed at maintaining adequate oxygenation of the brain, controlling elevations of ICP, treating seizures, and identifying and treating any underlying disease. With appropriate care, many animals can recover.