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Imaging Diagnosis-Left Retrocaval Ureter and Transposition of the Caudal Vena Cava in a Dog

Duconseille A.C., Louvet A., Lazard P., et al.

Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 2010. 51(1): p.52-56.

Retrocaval ureter and transposition of the caudal vena cava are each, rare developmental anomalies. We describe the usefulness of static fluid magnetic resonance urography and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance urography in the diagnosis of these anomalies. Basic techniques, benefits, and drawbacks of magnetic resonance urography are presented.