Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Bone Marrow in the Pelvis and Femur of Young Dogs
Laura J. Armbrust M.O., Rose Mcmurphy,
Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 2008. 49(5): p.432-437.
The purpose of this study was to determine the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics of bone marrow in the pelvis and femur of normal, young dogs. Six greyhounds were imaged at 4, 8, 12, and 16 months of age. Sagittal images of the femur and dorsal images of the pelvis were obtained with T1-weighted, fast spin echo (FSE) T2-weighted, and short tau (T1) inversion recovery (STIR) sequences. On T1-weighted images areas with high signal intensity, similar to fat, included the femoral heads, mid-diaphysis of the femur, femoral condyles, and the body of the ilium. T2-weighted images were characterized by uniform intermediate signal intensity (less than fat, but greater than muscle) in the femoral head, high signal intensity, similar to fat, in the mid-diaphysis of the femur and ilial body, and intermediate to high signal intensity in the femoral condyle. By 16 months high signal intensity was seen in the diaphysis and distal metaphysis on both T1- and T2-weighted images. On STIR images the femoral head had intermediate to low signal intensity, compared with muscle. The mid-diaphysis of the femur was of low signal intensity, similar to fat, and the body of the ilium had mixed signal intensity at all ages. The femoral condyle had inhomogenous, intermediate to low signal intensity at 4 months, but was of uniform low signal intensity at 8201316 months.