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Acute Severe Hemorrhage Secondary to Arterial Invasion in a Dog with Thyroid Carcinoma

Slensky K.A., Volk S.W., Schwarz T., et al.

J Am Vet Med Assoc, 2003. 223(5): p.649-53, 636.

A 7-year-old spayed female Labrador Retriever was referred because of progressive swelling and bruising of the neck, hemothorax, a possible mediastinal mass, and stridor. At the time of admission, the dog was recumbent, mentally dull, tachycardic, and hypothermic. Fluid therapy with hydroxyethyl starch and a balanced electrolyte solution was administered because of presumed hypovolemic shock secondary to hemorrhage; multiple units of packed RBCs and fresh frozen plasma were also administered. On the basis of the computed tomographic images, extensive subcutaneous, subfascial, and cranial mediastinal hemorrhage; hemothorax; prescapular lymphadenopathy; and a contrast-enhancing mass in the left cranioventral aspect of the neck were diagnosed. Exploratory surgery of the neck was performed. All subcutaneous structures were encased in a large blood clot. During dissection of the clot, pulsatile bleeding was observed just caudal to and to the left of the larynx; ligation of the left common carotid artery resulted in immediate cessation of the pulsatile bleeding. Further surgical exploration revealed a 2.5 x 2.5-cm mass adhered to the left common carotid artery at the level of the branching to the left cranial thyroid artery. The mass was removed; the histologic diagnosis was thyroid carcinoma. Three weeks after surgery, treatment with a combination of radiation and chemotherapy (doxorubicin and carboplatin) was begun. Thirteen months after surgery, the dog continued to be free from clinical signs of disease.