Imaging of the Canine and Feline Temporomandibular Joint: A Review
Schwarz T., Weller R., Dickie A.M., et al.
Vet Radiol Ultrasound, 2002. 43(2): p.85-97.
The radiographic anatomy of the temporomandibular joint in the dog and cat is described in dorsoventral and oblique projections. The positioning for different oblique views in conventional radiography and technical details of computed tomography are reviewed. Typical radiographic features of craniomandibular osteopathy, dysplasia, luxation, subluxation, fractures, ankylosis, degenerative joint disease, infection, and neoplasia involving the temporomandibular joint are discussed.